Hungary is beginning to feel the effects of the general crisis affecting worldwide capitalism. On Saturday a demonstration of 10,000 public sector workers could be the first step towards a major strike in January.
is preparing to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the 1956 uprising.
The Stalinists in the past presented that movement as reactionary. Today's
regime is trying to usurp the banner of 1956, falsifying completely what really
happened. It is our duty to explain what really happened. The heroes of 1956
were trying to build a democratic workers' state and genuine socialism.
As could be expected, the Socialist Party (MSZP) and their
coalition partners the Free Democrats (FDSZ) lost heavily in the recent council
elections in Hungary.
The problem is the people know what they are voting against but have no
real alternative to vote for. Both main political blocs offer the same
austerity programme. A genuine Left alternative is required.
Last week’s rioting in Hungary drew the
attentions of the world’s mass media. Some even tried to compare it to that
glorious moment in the history of the Hungarian working class in 1956, when attempts
were made to move towards genuine workers’ democracy. But all that is false.
Today’s rioting has a reactionary content, the result of a terrible austerity
programme, but with no genuine Left alternative being presented to the masses.
We are republishing this article on the effects of the transition to capitalism in Hungary first published in Socialist Appeal issue 20, March 1994. "Miles and miles of closed factories greeted me as I travelled into Budapest. The contrast in downtown Budapest could not have been sharper. The swish, but very expensive shops and well dressed shoppers made me feel I had risen out of the Metro into a different world. The advent of capitalism has produced a polarisation of the population in terms of appearance, mood, wealth and lifestyle. A small, but significant section of people were living very well, but the vast majority, especially those in some country areas, where wholesale factory closures removed the sole employer, were sinking into poverty, unemployment and hopelessness."