Asia

馬克思主義者們認同1949年中國革命所帶來的各種重大成就。這也毫不意外地讓毛澤東所喊出的一些口號在世界各地產生共鳴,並吸引了尤其在中蘇交惡後,尋求官僚化蘇聯以外社會主義體制的革命志士們。然而,所謂的毛澤東思想仍然和真正的馬克思主義之間存在著必須要澄清的重要政治分歧。

马克思主义者们认同1949年中国革命所带来的各种重大成就。这毫不意外地让毛泽东所喊出的一些口号在世界各地产生共鸣,并吸引了尤其在中苏交恶后,寻求官僚化苏联以外社会主义体制的革命志士们。然而,所谓的毛泽东思想仍然和真正的马克思主义之间存在着必须要澄清的重要政治分歧。

On 11 December 2018, the official Weibo account of the US Embassy in China published a blog post entitled “American University Marxist Students Show Solidarity for Unionization and Strikes” (美国大学生马克思主义社团声援工人组织工会和罢工). In it, the embassy referred to the activities of the International Marxist Tendency (IMT) comrades in the Marxist Student Association (MSA) and their political work in Madison, Wisconsin.

On 8-9 January, around 200 million workers went on a two-day strike across India, bringing the country to a grinding halt. The strike was called by 10 central trade unions of India against the anti-labour policies of the Modi government. BMS, affiliated with RSS-BJP, was the only central trade union that was against the strike and tried to sabotage it. All others supported the strike and made huge efforts to make it successful.

朱梅雪是华航企业工会现任秘书长。在2018年的桃园市长选举内,他以无党籍的身分参选,挑战台湾两大政党:国民党和民进党。朱梅雪的选战需求工人阶级应独立于两大财团政党,并以工人阶级观点提出多项政策,也推广了“工人不投蓝绿党!”、“百万劳工站出来!”、“为自己投一票!”等口号。

朱梅雪是華航企業工會現任秘書長。在2018年的桃園市長選舉內,他以無黨籍的身分參選,挑戰台灣兩大政黨:國民黨和民進黨。朱梅雪的選戰需求工人階級應獨立於兩大財團政黨,並以工人階級觀點提出多項政策,也推廣了“工人不投藍綠黨!”、“百萬勞工站出來!”、“為自己投一票!”等口號。

Zhu Meixue is the current Secretary General of Taiwan’s China Airlines Employees’ Union (CAEU). In 2018, he ran for mayor of Taoyuan as an independent against the candidates of both the KMT and the DPP, the two major bourgeois parties of Taiwan. In his campaign he called for the political independence of the working class from the two parties of the bosses, proposing policies from a working class perspective, with slogans such as “Workers don’t vote for the KMT or DPP!,” “The laboring millions come forward!,” and “Vote for yourselves!”

Marxists recognise the enormous achievements of the 1949 Chinese Revolution. Unsurprisingly, many slogans by Mao Zedong found an echo across the world as an alternative to the bureaucratised USSR after the Sino-Soviet split. However, there are significant political differences between the ideas of genuine Marxism and those of Maoism, which should be clarified.

The marvellous national convention of the Progressive Youth Alliance was held in Lahore on 15 December, with the main demands of free education for all and restoration of student unions. Revolutionary students and unemployed youth from across the country gathered to discuss problems faced by the youth and how to organise to overcome them.

在台湾执政的民主进步党在近期的九合一大选中惨败。民进党的大败立即导致了总统蔡英文请辞民进党党主席一职,而行政院长赖清德和总统府秘书长陈菊也照样请辞。在选举同时举办的公投中,社会保守势力得以大举进击。然而,虽然表面上选票回到了现在在野的中国国民党,台湾的资本主义危机也正在准备将阶级斗争推向新一个阶段。

在台灣執政的民主進步黨在近期的九合一大選中慘敗。民進黨的大敗立即導致了總統蔡英文請辭民進黨黨主席一職,而行政院長賴清德和總統府秘書長陳菊也照樣請辭。在選舉同時舉辦的公投中,社會保守勢力得以大舉進擊。然而,雖然表面上選票回到了現在在野的中國國民黨,台灣的資本主義危機也正在準備將階級鬥爭推向新一個階段。

In Taiwan, the ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) suffered a severe defeat in the recent midterm municipal elections, forcing the party leader and current President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen, to resign as party chair, as well as top officials such as Premier William Lai and Secretary-General to President Chen Chu. The concurrently held referendum on a number of social issues saw a mobilisation of conservative votes. However, beneath the surface of this seemingly expected swing back to the opposition Kuomintang (KMT), the ongoing capitalist crisis of Taiwan is preparing a new phase of class struggle.

(譯者按:本文是國際馬克思主義趨勢(IMT)在中國共產黨召開第十九次全國代表大會後,於2017年11月30日發表的評論。文中討論了關於中國經濟性質從斯大林主義計劃經濟轉變為朝向帝國主義發展的資本主義系統,並在這個基礎上解釋了習近平的強權。編譯團隊決定不更動發表時的原文,以便讀者們比較我們當時的預測和後來的發展。)

(译者按:本文是国际马克思主义趋势(IMT)在中国共产党召开第十九次全国代表大会后,于2017年11月30日发表的评论。文中讨论了关于中国经济性质从斯大林主义计划经济转变为朝向帝国主义发展的资本主义系统,并在这个基础上解释了习近平的强权。编译团队决定不更动发表时的原文,以便读者们比较我们当时的预测和后来的发展。)

On 15 November, the Sri Lankan parliament erupted in a brawl over a no-confidence motion passed against the newly appointed prime minister, Mahinda Rajapaksa. Punches were exchanged in a factional fight between opposition parties that supported the no-confidence vote and Rajapaksa's supporters.