The Haute-Garonnefederation of the French Young Communists (MJCF - the youth section
of the French Communist Party - PCF) elected an entirely new leadership
at the end of November. At its federal congress in Toulouse, an overwhelming majority of
delegates elected supporters of the Marxist journal La Riposteto lead
Today, 62 years ago, Paris was liberated from the Nazis in a mass movement from below. "It has been this mass movement of the French workers, peasants
and middle class which has forced the retreat of the German army.
The culminating point, which has marked the entry of the French
masses once again onto the arena of history, was the insurrection
of the workers of Paris." We republish Ted Grant's article from 1944, analysing these significant events.
The withdrawal of the CPE is a humiliating defeat for Chirac and the de Villepin government. They came out of this ordeal completely discredited. After the struggle against pension reforms in 2003, against the referendum on the European Constitution, and the revolt of the estates in November last year, the massive mobilisation of youth and workers against the CPE constitutes new evidence that France has entered an era of great social and political instability.