Cuban Revolution

che fidel500The Cuban revolution of 1959 marks the first time ever that capitalism has been abolished in the Western Hemisphere. Cuba gained independence from Spain in 1898 only to fall under the domination of US imperialism. For decades the struggle for national independence and against imperialism was closely linked to the struggle against class oppression, with the Cuban bourgeoisie intimately linked to the US ruling class. Figures like Julio Antonio Mella, the founder of the Cuban Communist Party and Antonio Guiteras argued that national liberation could only be achieved through the struggle for socialism. 

The Stalinist degeneration of the Communist International led the Cuban party to adopt the two-stage theory and give support to Batista on the argument that he was on the side of "democracy against fascism" during WWII. The young revolutionaries who wanted to overthrow Batista's regime were therefore not attracted by the Communist Party. In 1953 they attempted a daring assault on the Moncada barracks which had the aim of sparking a national insurrection. They failed, but gained nationwide recognition. Fidel Castro and his comrades eventually went into exile in Mexico from where they planned a landing in Cuba in 1956 which led to a short guerrilla war. 

Having come to power on a program of national and democratic progressive reforms, they soon came into conflict with US imperialism and its lackeys in the local bourgeoisie. By consistently pushing for their national democratic program they ended up abolishing capitalism, though that had not been their original intention. All the gains of the Cuban revolution can be attributed to the expropriation of the capitalist class. Having failed in their attempts to spread the revolution to other countries (including Che Guevara's tragic death in Bolivia in 1967), the Cuban leadership became closely aligned with the Soviet Union, which also set its bureaucratic stamp in the island. 

The collapse of Stalinism in 1989 left the small country completely at the mercy of the world market. The danger is that market friendly measures taken in order to address the economic problems facing the Cuban revolution can end up in the restoration of capitalism. The country still faces a fierce assault by US imperialism, renewed and strengthened under the Trump administration. Ultimately, the fate of the Cuban revolution depends on the struggle for genuine workers' democracy and the spreading of socialist revolution to other countries in the region and beyond. 

Title Created Date Author
Cuba: groundbreaking seminar in Havana discusses the ideas of Leon Trotsky 14 May 2019 Centro de Estudios Socialistas Carlos Marx
Notes on the ideas of Che Guevara 09 October 2017 Roberto Sarti
Cuba: Critical Thought in the Socialist Transition 06 July 2017 Frank Josué Solar Cabrales
[Video] Fidel Castro and the Cuban Revolution 30 November 2016 Jorge Martín
IMT statement on the death of Fidel Castro 30 November 2016 International Marxist Tendency
Fidel Castro has died - the Cuban revolution must live! 28 November 2016 Jorge Martín
Anniversary of birth of Che Guevara 14 June 2016 Alan Woods
US admits failure and re-establishes diplomatic relations with Cuba - a change of tactics to achieve the same aim 18 December 2014 Jorge Martin
[Video] 50 Years of the Cuban Revolution: Lessons for Latin America 21 March 2014 Jorge Martin
[Audio] Jorge Martín on the Cuban Revolution 07 October 2011 Jorge Martín
[Audio] Jorge Martín speaking on the Cuban Revolution 08 July 2011 Jorge Martín
Cuban CP congress ratifies economic guidelines – workers’ control and international socialism absent from discussion 07 June 2011 Jorge Martin
Which way for the Cuban Revolution? - A Contribution to the debate 25 October 2010 Frank Josué Solar Cabrales
Where is Cuba going? Towards Capitalism or Socialism? 17 September 2010 Jorge Martin
Hands off Cuba! Defend the Cuban revolution – fight for International socialism! 23 April 2010 International Marxist Tendency
[Audio] Cuban revolution 51 years later - where is it going? 26 February 2010 Jorge Martín
[Audio] Cuba 50 years later – where is the revolution going? 04 March 2009 Fred Weston
Cuba 50 years later – where is the revolution going? Part Two 18 February 2009 Jorge Martin
Cuba 50 years later – where is the revolution going? Part One 17 February 2009 Jorge Martin
Where is Cuba going? 19 March 2008 Jordi Rosich
More than one hundred attend launch of 'Revolution Betrayed' in Cuba 21 February 2008
Vultures hovering over Cuba after Fidel Castro steps down 20 February 2008 Fred Weston and Alan Woods
“Cuba: the only way out is to spread the revolution throughout Latin America” 29 October 2007 Frank Josué Solar
Forty years since the death of Che Guevara – Part Two 10 October 2007 Alan Woods
“Che” - an icon? The life and ideas of Ernesto Guevara 09 October 2007 Alan Woods
IMT statement on Cuba: solidarity with the Cuban Revolution – down with capitalism and imperialism 03 August 2006
Cuba: Executions and repression - a class point of view 13 May 2003 Alan Woods and Roberto Sarti
Cuba: 40 years on, defend the gains of the revolution! 15 January 1999 Jorge Martín