Over the last few years, the class struggle in Québec has passed several milestones that had not been approached in the previous 30 years. The Parti Québecois, camouflaging their programme in nationalist rhetoric, pursued austerity measures and anti-worker policies for years. Despite the claims of the bourgeois media, the defeat of the PQ in 2003 was a reaction to its attacks on the working class rather than a rejection of separatism, or a victory of federalist policies. The issues that brought down the PQ remained unaddressed by the Liberal administration under Charest, and a renewed wave of reactionary policies were savagely affected a few short months after its election. Without the nationalist rhetoric to mask class relations, working-class activity took on a character of renewed radicalization. 2003 saw a push for a general strike, which had the overwhelming support of the rank-and-file, but the movement was betrayed by a section of the trade-union bureaucracy. The discontent of the working class was reflected in other sectors of Québecois society as well, most notably the student movement culminating in the recent general student strike.