The International Labour Organization (ILO) has repeatedly denounced the lack of labour rights in Russia. Russian employers have complete impunity since the courts and other law-enforcement institutions are on their side. According to Russian law, trade unions are deprived of their main tool: entering into real negotiations with an employer in the form of strikes. Boris Kagarlitskiy writes: "Russia has signed international agreements recognizing the rights of trade unions and labour collectives, however the laws operating in our country contravene international requirements". Russia has not ratified the ILO Convention so the international regulations for conducting strikes do not operate in the country.