In the final part of their document the Marxists in Rifondazone
Comunista (FalceMartello) outline the crisis of Social Democracy and
the Trade Unions. In answer to both the leadership who are preparing to
join forces even with bourgeois parties and also the sectarian fringe
who believe these mass organisations can simply be wished away, the
comrades develop a strategy based on the best traditions of the
Communist International in the days when Lenin's ideas dominated.
Tomorrow the 6th national congress of Rifondazione Comunista opens in
Venice. The party is being called on to join a future Centre-Left
governmenet headed by Prodi, as it looks very likely that Berlusconi
will lose the next general election. The Marxists of FalceMartello
have intervened up and down the country in over 1000 local party
congresses warning the ranks of the party that to go down this road
would be a disastrous policy. We provide here a brief introduction by
Fernando D'Alessandro and Part One of the document the Marxists are
defending in the congress.
In Part Two of the document of the Italian Marxists, presented at the
national congress of the Partito della Rifondazione Comunista (PRC)
which opens today in Venice, the comrades draw a balance sheet of the
previous congress and deal with the questions of the war in Iraq, the
crisis of capitalism in Italy and Europe and draw up a programme of
transitional demands that the party should adopt.
Strikes and protests erupt on women's day in Petrograd and develop into a mass movement involving hundreds of thousands of workers; within 5 days the workers win over the army and bring down the hated and seemingly omnipotent Tsarist Monarchy.
Following the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets, the reformist leaders called a demonstration to show the strength of "democracy". 400,000 people attended, the vast majority carried banners with Bolshevik slogans.
Spontaneous, armed demonstrations against the Provisional Government erupt in Petrograd. The workers and soldiers are suppressed by force, introducing a period of reaction and making the peaceful development of the revolution impossible.
Following the July days, the Bolsheviks were driven underground and the forces of reaction were emboldened. This process culminated in the reactionary forces coalescing around General Kornilov, who attempt to march on Petrograd and crush the revolutionary movement in its entirety.
The Provisional Government is overthrown. State power passes to the Soviets on the morningm of 26th October, after the Bolsheviks’ Military Revolutionary Committee seize the city and the cabinet surrenders.
The February Revolution saw a mass strike develop from below at a furious pace which posed the question of state power within a week of its inception. Workers in Petrograd took to the streets against intolerable bread shortages, the slaughter…
Kornilov’s failed coup brought the direct action of the masses into play again, and proved to them once and for all that they were the only force in society capable of transforming their own living conditions. For the first time,…
The following series of articles provides in-depth analyses and first-hand accounts of the events immediately preceding, during and after the greatest event in human history: the October Revolution, in addition to reflections on its aftermath.