The political and social position in Italy is developing at a fast pace. After several years of social truce under
the centre-left coalition government, a sharp conflict is developing. Although we are still at the beginning of the
process, we can say that its consequences will be far-ranging, and that the struggle that is now opening will affect
all layers in the society and will provoke an earthquake in the Italian workers' movement, in the unions and in the
left in general.
Violent conflict is on the increase all over the world, both in terms of wars between nations and violent clashes between the classes. While war is waged in the Middle East we also see a growing tendency to use more brutal measures against the workers in struggle, with many being killed around the world. What should the position of Marxists be on this question? This has been the subject of debate within the PRC in Italy with Bertinotti taking the position that no form of violence is justifiable.
We are publishing two articles from the Italian Marxist journal Falcemartellowhich give a clear indication of the level of militancy that is developing
among the workers in Italy. Both the FIAT Melfi and the Alitalia disputes
highlight the growing contradiction between the will to struggle on the part of
the workers and the constant striving to hold down the movement on the part of
the union leaders. This cannot last for ever.
In March the PRC is holding its 6th congress. Bertinotti, the party secretary, has made a very sharp turn to the right. For instance, he is no longer calling for the immediate withdrawal of Italian troops from Iraq. All this is part of a deal which would allow the party to be part of a grand coalition if the Centre-Left, “Olive Tree” alliance wins the next elections in 2006. At this congress the Marxists of Falcemartello have succeeded in getting their opposition congress document accepted as an official document, which is an enormous step forward for them.