Badoglio, having overthrown Mussolini in July 1943, then proceeded to impose military rule over the Italian masses. His role was to hold back the masses with the help of the Allied forces. Scandalously Stalin recognised the Badoglio government. Here we reproduce an article by Ted Grant on this turn of events written in 1944.

Ted Grant in 1943 analyses the origins of Italian fascism, how it came to power and then how it lost its base of support within society, leading finally to the fall of Mussolini and stresses the need to support the revolutionary struggle of the Italian workers.

When Mussolini was removed by a palace coup in July 1943 the masses came out onto the streets, rejoicing at the fall of the hated dictator. Ted Grant wrote an article shortly after those events stressing that this was the beginning of the revolution in Italy and beyond.

It is not easy to be a saint, and least of all in the sinful world of the 21st century - or so one might think. But this opinion is definitely not shared by Pope John Paul II. In fact, he has already manufactured no fewer than 474 of them during his stint at the Vatican. So there can be no complaints about his level of productivity. He has become an enthusiastic market leader in the saint-manufacturing business.

How do we explain the fact that Berlusconi made such a surprising comeback in the recent Italian elections? He waged a rabidly reactionary election campaign, attacking “Communists” everywhere, defending the better-off layers of society. Prodi’s coalition offered the workers only more “sacrifices”, dampening enthusiam for the Centre-Left coalition. Now a new period of instability opens up in crisis ridden Italy.

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