Styling themselves on the American organisation of the same name, the
Black Panthers campaigned against discrimination and oppression of
Sephardic Jews who had emigrated from Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa.
The movement led to brutal clashes with the state. The peak of the
confrontation between the Panthers and the authorities was in 1972,
when 60 people were arrested on the May Day demonstration where they
had chanted slogans not just against poverty but against the annexation
of Arab lands.
What was the real role of British imperialism in the formation of the
state of Israel? What position did the Soviet Union and US imperialism
take at the time? And how did the PLO leaders pose the question of the
struggle against Israel in the past? What solution can Marxists offer
both the Palestinian and Jewish workers In this brief article we try to
answer these questions and develop a perspective.
An answer to those who argue that the German and Austrian people have a
"collective responsibility" for the Holocaust. The German and Austrian
people themselves, and especially the proletariat that was lied to,
betrayed and sold out by the Stalinists, the Socials-Democrats and the
bourgeois parties, have no guilt to bear. The capitalists push this
idea in order to cover up for the responsibility of capitalism in this
terrible crime and also to hide the fact that millions of German and
Austrian workers were opposed to Hitler, and many Socialists,
Communists and Trade Union activists also died in his camps.
The new Israeli elections that will be held on January 28, 2003
highlight the deep political crisis that has paralysed the Israeli
political system. The elections come at a time of deepening economy
crisis. At the same time no solution is in sight to the ongoing
conflict in the Palestinian territories. A.Kramer in Israel explains
that Israeli workers can expect nothing from the main contenders in
these elections and stresses the need for a working class based